Knee Ligament Injuries

Knee Ligament Injury Treatment at Orthopedic and Spine Centers of Wisconsin

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What Are Knee Ligament Injuries?

Knee ligament injuries refer to damage or tearing of the ligaments in the knee joint, often resulting from various factors such as trauma, sports injuries, or degeneration over time. This condition can lead to instability, pain, and impaired function of the knee.

The knee is composed of several ligaments, each of which plays a vital role in providing stability and mobility to the knee.  These ligaments include:

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL)
  • Lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

What Causes Knee Ligament Injuries?

Knee ligament injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Trauma: Sudden and forceful impacts, such as those experienced during sports activities or accidents.
  • Sports Injuries: Twisting or direct blows to the knee during sports can contribute to ligament damage.
  • Genetics: Some individuals may be predisposed to ligament issues due to genetic factors.
  • Natural Wear and Tear: Repetitive movements or aging can lead to gradual ligament degeneration.
Senior Man Suffering From Knee Pain Indoors. Space For Text

What Are The Signs & Symptoms of Knee Ligament Injuries?

Common signs and symptoms of knee ligament injuries include:

Pain: Persistent or acute pain in the knee joint.

Swelling: Inflammation and swelling around the injured area.

Instability: Feeling of the knee giving way or being unstable.

Limited Range of Motion: Difficulty in fully bending or straightening the knee.

Bruising: Visible bruising around the knee

Sudden Pop: Hearing or feeling a sudden “pop” in the elbow followed by pain and swelling.

Knee Pain Exam

The Testing & Diagnosis Process for Knee Ligament Injuries

Diagnosing knee ligament injuries involves various tests, including:

Physical Examination: Assessing the knee’s range of motion and stability.

Imaging Tests: X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans to visualize the extent of the ligament damage.

Stress Tests: Evaluating joint stability under controlled stress to identify specific ligament involvement.

What Are The Treatments For Knee Ligament Injuries?

Treatment options for knee ligament injuries may include:

Physical Therapy: Exercises to improve knee strength and flexibility.

Bracing: Providing support and stability to the injured knee.

Medications: Pain management through anti-inflammatory medications.

Arthroscopic Surgery: In severe cases, or if there is significant damage to the ligaments, arthroscopic surgical procedures are used repair or remove damaged structures.

Sports Treatment Img