Knee Arthritis

Knee Arthritis Treatment at Orthopedic and Spine Centers of Wisconsin

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What Is Knee Arthritis?

Knee arthritis is a degenerative joint condition characterized by inflammation, pain, and the gradual breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the knee joint. This can result in discomfort, stiffness, and reduced mobility over time.

What Causes Knee Arthritis?

Knee arthritis can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Age: The natural aging process can contribute to the wear and tear of joint cartilage.
  • Genetics: A family history of arthritis may increase the risk of developing knee arthritis.
  • Obesity: Excess weight can put additional stress on the knee joints, accelerating the degenerative process.
  • Joint Injuries: Previous injuries or trauma to the knee can predispose individuals to arthritis.
  • Autoimmune Disorders: Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can affect the knee joint.
Senior Man Suffering From Knee Pain Indoors. Space For Text

What Are The Signs & Symptoms of Knee Arthritis?

Common signs and symptoms of knee arthritis include:

Pain: Persistent pain, especially during movement or weight-bearing activities.

Swelling: Inflammation and swelling around the knee joint.

Stiffness: Difficulty in bending or straightening the knee, particularly after periods of inactivity.

Limited Range of Motion: Reduced flexibility and movement in the affected knee.

Joint Deformities: In advanced cases, the knee joint may show signs of deformity.

Knee Pain Exam

The Testing & Diagnosis Process for Knee Arthritis

Diagnosing knee arthritis involves:

Physical Examination: Assessment of symptoms, joint flexibility, and overall knee function.

Imaging Tests: X-rays and MRI scans to visualize joint damage and cartilage loss.

Blood Tests: To rule out other potential causes, such as autoimmune arthritis.

Limited Range of Motion: Difficulty moving the knee or performing activities of daily living

What Are The Treatments For Knee Arthritis?

Treatment options for knee arthritis may include:

Medications: Pain relief and inflammation management through medications.

Physical Therapy: Exercises to strengthen surrounding muscles and improve joint function.

Lifestyle Modifications: Weight management and activity adjustments to reduce stress on the knee.

Joint Injections: Corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections for pain relief.

Surgical Interventions: In severe cases, knee replacement surgery may be recommended.

Man Suffering From Knee Pain Sitting On Sofa